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Term Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

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Glossary of Terms:

A

Ambulation: Walking about or able to walk about.

Apraxia: The inability to perform motor functions.

Ataxia: Inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement.

Autism: A variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by impairment of the ability to form normal social relationships, by impairment of the ability to communicate with others, and by stereotyped behavior patterns.

C

Congenital: Present from birth.

E

Endocrinologist: A physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with the endocrine glands.

G

Geneticist: A physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of genetic diseases.

Genomic Imprinting: The phenomenon where there is a difference in the expression of the genes inherited from the father and the mother.

Germ Cells: Cells comprising actual reproductive components of an organism (specifically, eggs and sperm, and their precursors).

H

Hypermotoric Behavior: hyper=excessive motoric=movement (in the case of AS) excessive movement of the hands, arms, limbs, etc. in a repetitive manner, such as arm flapping, rocking, clapping, etc

Hyperventilation: excessive rate and depth of respiration leading to abnormal loss of carbon dioxide from the blood.

Hypotonia: Loss of muscle tone.

Hypoxia: Low blood oxygen levels.

I

Infertile: Not fertile or productive; sterile: incapable of reproducing.

J

Jerky gait: Unstable way of walking.

M

Maternally Derived Chromosome: A chromosome inherited from the mother.

Mental Retardation: Subaverage intellectual ability that is equivalent to or less than an IQ of 70, is present from birth or infancy, and is manifested especially by abnormal development, by learning difficulties, and by problems in social adjustment.

Microcephaly: Abnormal smallness of the head; applied to a skull with a capacity below 1350 cc.

N

Neurologist: A physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of disease of the nervous system.

O

Orthopedist: A physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of skeletal deformities.

P

Paternally Derived Chromosome: A chromosome inherited from the father.

Pubertal: Of or relating to puberty.

Puberty: The condition of being or the period of becoming first capable of reproducing sexually marked by maturing of the genital organs, development of secondary sex characteristics, and in the human and in higher primates by the first occurrence of menstruation in the female.

S

Secondary Sexual Characteristics: Changes in genitals brought on by the increase in hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.

Strabismus: A manifest lack of parallelism of the visual exes of the eyes (eyes do not appear parallel or "straight"; may deviate up, down, outward or inward --'cross-eyed')

 

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